ELTE BTK Magyar Nyelvtudományi és Finnugor Intézet

Dmitriy Efremov (Izhevsk)

nyomtatható változat

 Grammar and Context: Verb Government and Contextual Surroundings in Udmurt

Compared with nouns, verb government of Udmurt is dependent on its lexico-semantic characteristics; valence of any verb determines the case form of subordinate components:
Озьы луэ егит дыръя -
Куддыр шудлэсь возьдаськиськом.
It happens in our youth -
That we are ashamed of happiness.
Verbs возьдаськыны ‘to be ashamed of’, мќзмыны ‘to miss’, кышканы ‘to be afraid of’ require the use of nouns governed by them in the same case (the Ablative case). At the same time due to the context they may be used without any word which is governed by them:
Уг ваты, мон туж мќзмисько,
Адњылћсько ке но тонэ.
Шат верано ке? - кышкасько:
Тон уд, уд вала, дыр, монэ
I will not conceal, I miss (you)
Even though I see you.
Shall I tell you? - I am afraid
That you won’t, won’t understand me.
Intransitive verbs of Udmurt may govern different cases; context provides even the use of intransitive verbs (e. g., мыныны ‘to go’) with nouns in the Accusative case which is usually used only in the combination with transitive verbs: Вить иськемез пыдын мынћз со ‘He went five kilometers on foot’.

In Hungarian.